Today in history

254May 12St. Stephen I began his reign as the 23rd Catholic Pope. According to the “Liber Pontificalis” he instituted the rule that clerics should wear special clothes at their ministrations.
919May 12Duke Henry of Saxon became King Henry I of Eastern Europe.
1191May 12Richard the Lionheart married (Bernegaria) Berengaria of Navarre in Limassol, Cyprus.
1215May 12English barons served an ultimatum on King John (known as “Lack land”).
1459May 12Sun City, India, was founded by Rao Jodhpur.
1534May 12Wurttenburg became Lutheran.
1551May 12San Marcos University opened in Lima, Peru. The Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos was founded under Spanish royal charter.
1588May 12King Henry II fled Paris after Catholic League under duke Henry of Guise entered the city. The people of Paris rose against Henry III, who fled to Chartres. Seven months later he had Henry of Guise and his brother, Cardinal de Guise, assassinated.
1641May 12Thomas Wentworth (48), chief advisor to Charles I and English viceroy of Ireland, was beheaded in the Tower of London.
1649May 12Isaac Doreslaer, English lawyer, diplomat, was murdered.
1670May 12August II, the Strong One, King of Poland (355 children), was born.
1679May 12Giovanni Antonio Ricieri, composer, was born.
1689May 12England’s King William III joined the League of Augsburg and the Netherlands. The “Grand Alliance” was formed to counter the war of aggression launched by Louis XIV against the Palatinate states in Germany. This is known as The War of the League of Augsburg (1689-97) also The Nine Years’ War, and the War of the Grand Alliance.
1733May 12Maria Theresa was crowned queen of Bohemia in Prague.
1739May 12Johann Baptist Vanhal, composer, was born.
1754May 12Franz Anton Hoffmeister, composer, was born.
1776May 12Turgot, French minister of Finance, resigned.
1777May 12The 1st ice cream advertisement appeared in the Philip Lenzi NY Gazette.
1780May 12Charleston, SC, fell to the British in the US Revolutionary War.
1789May 12The Society of St. Tammany was formed by Revolutionary War soldiers. It later became an infamous group of NYC political bosses.
1792May 12A toilet that flushed itself at regular intervals was patented.
1797May 12Johann Hermann Kufferath, composer, was born.
1809May 12Napoleon’s troops captured Vienna, Austria.
1812May 12Edward Lear, English writer, was born (d.1888).
1814May 12Robert Treat Paine (83), US judge (signed Declaration of Ind), died.
1816May 12Lord Grimthorpe was born. He was the designer of “Big Ben,” the most recognized structure in London.
1820May 12Florence Nightingale (d.1910), Crimean War British nurse known as “Lady with the Lamp,” was born in Florence, Italy. She is also known as the founder of modern nursing.
1828May 12Dante Gabriel Rossetti (d.1882), English poet and painter, was born. He helped found the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
1832May 12Gaetano Donizetti’s opera “L’elisir d’amore,” premiered in Milan.
1835May 12Charles Darwin visited the copper mines in North Chile.
1842May 12Jules Massenet Montaud, French composer, was born. His work included “Manon” and “Le Cid.”
1845May 12Gabriel Urbain Faure, French composer, was born in Pamiers. His work included “Requiem” and “Ballade.”
1851May 12A treaty was signed on the south bank of the Kaweah River, the site of John Wood’s grave. Woods was killed by Yokut Indians. The California Tule River War ended.
1862May 12Federal troops occupied Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
1863May 12With a victory at the Battle of Raymond, Mississippi, Grant closed in on Vicksburg.
1864May 12The Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia, was fought.
1865May 12The last land action of the Civil War was fought at Palmito Ranch in Texas. It was a Confederate victory.
1870May 12An act creating the Canadian province of Manitoba was given royal assent, to take effect in July.
1871May 12Segregated street cars were integrated in Louisville, Ky.
1872May 12J.C. Watson discovered asteroid #121, Hermione.
1873May 12The penny postal card, issued by the Post Office Department, was first put on sale in Springfield, Mass., and in other cities a day later.
1874May 12The US Assay office in Helena, Montana, was authorized.
1881May 12The Treaty of Bardo established Tunis [Tunisia] as a French protectorate. The French withdrew their forces after signing the treaty. The terms of the agreement gave France responsibility for the defense and foreign policy decisions of Tunisia. Henceforth, Tunis became a French protectorate
1884May 12Bedrich Friedrich Smetana (60), Czech composer (MaVlast, Bartered Bride), died.
1890May 12Louisiana legalized prize fighting.
1898May 12Louisiana adopted a new constitution with a “grandfather clause” designed to eliminate black voters.
1900May 12Mostly Black fighters in Mafikeng repelled a Boer assault. Col. Robert Baden-Powell, commander of the British troops in Mafikeng, armed black fighters and many died during the 7-month siege.
1902May 12Heinrich Kirchner, German sculptor, was born.
1903May 12Lennox R.F. Berkeley, British composer (Castaway), was born.
1907May 12Katherine Hepburn, actress (The Philadelphia Story, The African Queen), was born in Hartford, CT.
1908May 12Wireless Radio Broadcasting was patented by Nathan B. Stubblefield.
1915May 12Mary Kay Ash, chairman of Mary Kay Cosmetics, was born.
1917May 12M. Wolf discovered asteroid #870, Manto.
1921May 12Farley Mowat, Canadian nature writer (Never Cry Wolf), was born.
1924May 12Russian-American poet Alexander Esenin-Volpin was born in Leningrad. A notable dissident, political prisoner and a leader of the Soviet human rights movement, he spent total of fourteen years incarcerated and repressed by the Soviet authorities in prisons, psikhushkas and exile.
1925May 12Lawrence “Yogi” Berra, baseball star, was born. He played as a catcher for the New York Yankees and worked as a coach and manager for the Mets and Astros.
1926May 12Dmitri Shostakovitch’s 1st Symphony premiered in Leningrad.
1929May 12Burt Bacharach, composer, was born in KC, Mo. His songs included “I’ll Never Fall in Love Again.”
1930May 12A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Marc Connelly (Green Pastures).
1931May 12Eugene-Auguste Ysaye (72), composer, died.
1932May 12Goofy, aka Dippy Dawg, 1st appeared in ‘Mickey’s Revue’ by Walt Disney.
1933May 12The Federal Emergency Relief Administration and the Agricultural Adjustment Administration were established to provide help for the needy and farmers.
1934May 12“Cocktails For Two” by Duke Ellington hit #1.
1936May 12Tom Snyder, newscaster and television host, was born.
1937May 12The Duke of York was crowned Britain’s King George VI at Westminster Abbey.
1938May 12Sandoz Labs manufactured LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide).
1939May 12Ronald Ziegler, press secretary to Pres. Nixon, was born.
1940May 12The Nazi blitz conquest of France began with the crossing at the Muese River.
1941May 12Anthony Newman, harpsichordist, organist (Bhajeb), was born in LA, Calif.
1942May 12A Nazi U-boat sank an American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River.
1943May 12Axis forces in Tunisia and all of North Africa surrendered.
1948May 12Queen Wilhelmina resigned.
1949May 12S.V.L. Pandit of India was received as the first foreign woman ambassador to the US.
1951May 12The 1st H Bomb test was on Eniwetok Atoll.
1962May 12Dick Calkins, co-author of Buck Rogers, died at 67.
1963May 12There was a race riot in Birmingham, Alabama.
1964May 12The reverse osmosis process for turning seawater and waste-water into potable stuff was patented in San Diego.
1965May 12West Germany and Israel exchanged letters establishing diplomatic relations.
1967May 12English poet laureate John Masefield died.
1968May 12In Israel the Knesset passed the Jerusalem Day Law, making the day a national holiday. Israel’s government proclaimed Jerusalem Day, to be celebrated on the 28th of Iyar, the Hebrew date on which the divided city of Jerusalem became one.
1969May 12Viet Cong sappers tried unsuccessfully to overrun Landing Zone Snoopy in Vietnam.
1970May 12The US Senate voted unanimously to confirm Harry A. Blackmun as a Supreme Court justice. Blackmun (1908-1999) was nominated to the US Supreme Court by Richard Nixon on April 14, 1970.
1971May 12A 6.3 earthquakes in western Turkey killed about 100 people.
1975May 12The White House announced the new Cambodian government had seized an American merchant ship, the Mayaguez, with 39 crew members in international waters. Pres. Gerald Ford sent a company of Marines to rescue the ship. The ship was freed but there were 41 Americans killed or missing and more than 50 wounded.
1978May 12The US Commerce Department said hurricanes would no longer be named exclusively after women.
1980May 12Maxie Anderson (45) and his son Kris (23) completed the 1st balloon crossing of the American continent as they landed their helium-filled balloon on Canada’s Gaspe Peninsula. Their journey began May 8 in Marin Ct., Ca.
1985May 12Illinois Gov. James Thompson commuted the sentence of Gary Dotson, who’d served six years in prison for a rape that the alleged victim later said never happened.
1987May 12The University of Ife, Ile-Ife, is renamed Obafemi Awolowo University
1988May 12Secretary of State George P. Shultz and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze, meeting in Geneva, resolved nearly all remaining questions on an intermediate-range missile treaty.
1989May 12The nation’s largest airline computer reservation system, the American Airlines Sabre system, shut down for nearly 12 hours, disrupting the operations of thousands of travel agencies nationwide.
1990May 12The tune “Sending All My Love” by Linear reached #8 on the pop singles chart.
1991May 12Syrian President Hafez Assad, meeting with US Secretary of State James A. Baker the Third, refused to yield on key demands for joining a Middle East peace conference.
1992May 12President Bush announced he would travel to the Earth Summit in Brazil.
1993May 12President Clinton proposed putting all money raised from new taxes and spending cuts into a trust fund dedicated solely to reducing the nation’s huge budget deficit.
1994May 12The US Senate joined the House in passing a bill banning blockades, violence and threats against clinics where abortions were being performed.
1995May 12President Clinton, during a stopover in Ukraine, visited Babi Yar, where the Nazis massacred more than 30,000 Kiev Jews in 1941.
1996May 12Authorities in Florida called off the search for possible survivors from the crash of ValuJet Flight 592, a day after the jetliner nose-dived into the Everglades with 110 people on board.
1997May 12At the Oklahoma City bombing trial of Timothy McVeigh, star prosecution witness Michael Fortier testified that McVeigh had been bent on triggering a “general uprising in America.”
1998May 12Singer Ray Charles and sitar master Ravi Shankar received the Polar Music Prize, $133,000, from King Carl Gustav XVI in Sweden. The award was established by Stig Anderson, manager of the Abba pop group.
1999May 12Robert Rubin, US Treasury Secretary, announced his resignation. Pres. Clinton chose Lawrence Summers, the deputy secretary to succeed Rubin. In 2001 Summers left to become the 27th president of Harvard.
2000May 12During visits to Ohio and Minnesota, President Clinton called for open trade with China, saying it would help the communist nation move closer to democracy.
2001May 12Perry Como (b.1913), singer, died at age 88 in Jupiter, Fla. His Perry Como Show ran on TV for 15 years (1948-1963).
2002May 12Former US Pres. Jimmy Carter arrived in Cuba and Castro offered him unfettered access. He was the 1st US president, in or out of office, to visit since the 1959 revolution that put Fidel Castro in power.
2003May 12Fifty-nine Texas Democrats fled to a Holiday Inn in Oklahoma to thwart a Republican drive to redraw the state’s congressional districts.
2004May 12Members of US Congress expressed outrage after they were privately shown fresh pictures and videos of Iraqi prisoners being abused by US troops.
2005May 12The US Foreign Relations Committee voted 10-8 along party lines to advance John Bolton’s nomination to be UN ambassador without the customary recommendation that the Senate approve it.
2006May 12Tony Snow made his debut as White House press secretary.
2007May 12Voters in Farmers Branch, a suburb of Dallas, Texas, became the first in the nation to prohibit landlords from renting to most illegal immigrants. Texas courts quickly issued a restraining order against the city to prevent the ordnance from taking effect.
2008May 12The US Supreme Court affirmed a lower court ruling that multinational companies can be sued in a US court for allegedly aiding and abetting the former apartheid government in South Africa. Financial holdings prevented 4 justices from taking the case.
2009May 12The US won a seat on the UN Human Rights Council for the first time along with Cuba, Saudi Arabia, China and Russia, four countries accused of serious human rights violations.
2010May 12President Barack Obama and Afghan President Hamid Karzai met at the White House in a show of unity aimed at patching over differences at a pivotal time in the nearly nine-year-old war.
2011May 12In Arizona 2 Border Patrol agents were killed when their SUV was struck by a freight train near Gila Bend.
2012May 12California Gov. Jerry Brown said the state’s budget deficit has swelled to a projected $16 billion ”” much larger than had been predicted just months ago ”” and will force severe cuts to schools and public safety if voters fail to approve tax increases in November.
2013May 12In California the 5-day BottleRock music festival in Napa came to a close. Napa’s first major music festival was organized by WillPower Entertainment.
2014May 12In Louisiana Reginald Adams was freed from prison after spending 34 years in jail for a murder he did not commit. Detectives knowingly gave false testimony at his trial.


Source: Timeline of History

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