Today in history

922Mar 27Al-Hallaj al-Mughith-al-Hsayn Mansur (64), Persian mystic, was beheaded.
1194Mar 27The Archbishop of Canterbury, on behalf of King Richard I, talked with the rebels inside the castle at Nottingham, who soon surrendered.
1513Mar 27Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon sighted Florida.
1599Mar 27Robert Devereux became Lt-general of Ireland.
1790Mar 27The shoelace was invented.
1794Mar 27The US Congress approved “An Act to provide a Naval Armament” of six armed ships.
1808Mar 27Joseph Haydn’s oratorio “The Seasons,” premiered in Vienna.
1809Mar 27Georges-Eugene Haussmann (d.1891), French town planner, was born. He designed modern-day Paris.
1814Mar 27General Jackson led U.S. soldiers who killed 700 Creek Indians at Horseshoe Bend, La. [in Northern Alabama] Jackson lost 49 men.
1841Mar 27The first U.S. steam fire engine was tested in New York City.
1849Mar 27Joseph Couch patented a steam-powered percussion rock drill.
1850Mar 27The party of Dr. Thadeus Hildreth found a 22-pound gold nugget in Tuolemne County, Ca. The place was initially named Hildreth’s Diggings, then changed to New Camp, then American Camp and finally Columbia. The population soon swelled to 15,000.
1855Mar 27Abraham Gesner patented kerosene.
1861Mar 27Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars.
1865Mar 27Siege of Spanish Fort, AL. It was captured by Federals.
1866Mar 27Andrew Rankin patented the urinal.
1884Mar 27The first long-distance telephone call was made, between Boston and New York City
1893Mar 27The American Bell telephone Company made its first long distance telephone call to its branch office in New York.
1900Mar 27The London Parliament passed the War Loan Act which gave 35 million pounds to the Boer War cause.
1912Mar 27James Callaghan (d.2005), British prime minister (1976-1979), was born in Portsmouth, England.
1914Mar 271st successful blood transfusion took place in Brussels.
1917Mar 27The Seattle Metropolitans became the first U.S. team to win the Stanley Cup as they defeated the Montreal Canadiens.
1923Mar 27Louis Simpson, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born.
1924Mar 27Sarah Vaughan, ‘the Divine One,’ jazz singer, was born. She was famous for singing “What a Difference a Day Makes.”
1927Mar 27Mstislav Leopold Rostropovich, cellist, conductor, was born in Baku, Azerbaijan, USSR.
1928Mar 27The U.S. accepted the new oil-land laws enacted by Mexico, ending a long-standing dispute between Mexico and the United States.
1931Mar 27David Janssen (d.1980), later TV star (“Fugitive,” “Harry O”), was born as  (David Harold Meyer) in Naponee, Nebraska.
1933Mar 27Some 55,000 people staged a protest against Hitler in New York.
1940Mar 27Himmler ordered the building of Auschwitz concentration camp.
1941Mar 27Britain leased defense bases in Trinidad to the U.S. for a period of 99 years.
1942Mar 27Michael York, actor (Cabaret, Logan’s Run, 3 Musketeers), was born in England.
1943Mar 27US began an assault on Fondouk-pass, Tunisia.
1944Mar 27One-thousand Jews left Drancy, France for the Auschwitz concentration camp.
1945Mar 27Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys recorded “It’s Only a Paper Moon.”
1950Mar 27Maria Ewing, opera singer, was born in Detroit, Mich.
1952Mar 27Elements of the U.S. Eighth Army reached the 38th parallel in Korea, the original dividing line between the two Koreas.
1953Mar 27Charles Bohlen was named the U.S. ambassador to the USSR
1955Mar 27Steve McQueen made his network TV debut on the Goodyear Playhouse.
1956Mar 27US seized the US communist newspaper “Daily Worker.”
1958Mar 27The U.S. announced a plan to explore space near the moon.
1963Mar 27John F. Kennedy met with King Hassan II of Morocco.
1966Mar 27Anti-Vietnam war demonstrations took place in US, Europe and Australia.
1967Mar 27A North Vietnamese spokesman unequivocally rejected a new peace plan proposed by UN Sec. General U Thant (1907-1974) on March 14.
1972Mar 27The Addis Ababa accords ended fighting between north and south Sudan. It made the south a self-governing region. Pres. Gaafar Muhammed Nimeiri ended the 17 year civil war in the Sudan between the north and south.
1975Mar 27The 1st pipe of the Alaska oil pipeline was laid at Tonsina River.
1977Mar 27A KLM Boeing 747, attempting to take off, crashed into a Pan Am 747 on the Canary Island of Tenerife. 583 people were killed with 54 survivors.
1979Mar 27The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that police could not stop motorists at random to check licenses and registrations unless there was reason to believe a law had been broken.
1982Mar 27The musical “Best Little Whorehouse in Texas” closed at 46th St in NYC after 1577 performances.
1984Mar 27“Starlight Express,” a techno musical, roller-skating venture by Andrew Lloyd Weber and Richard Stilgoe, premiered at the Apollo Victoria Theatre, London.
1988Mar 27Jesse Jackson, rejoicing from an upset victory in Michigan’s primary-style caucuses the day before, vowed that his Democratic presidential campaign would continue to “win and grow.”
1990Mar 27The U.S. began test broadcasts of TV Marti to Cuba, which promptly jammed the signal.
1991Mar 27In a surprising flap, President Bush publicly disagreed with General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, who claimed he had urged further fighting in the Persian Gulf War at the time Bush ordered a cease-fire. Schwarzkopf later apologized to Bush.
1992Mar 27Lang Hancock (b.1909), pioneer Pilbara tycoon, died. He was famous for discovering the world’s largest iron ore deposit in 1952 and becoming one of the richest men in Australia,
1994Mar 27More than 40 people were killed as violent thunderstorms tore across the Southeast. A church in Piedmont, Alabama, collapsed in a tornado and 19 were killed.
1995Mar 27Former President Jimmy Carter announced he had brokered a two-month cease-fire between Sudan’s Islamic government and rebels.
1996Mar 27The Gay’s Hill Baptist Church in Millen, Ga., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
1997Mar 27In Afghanistan an avalanche buried at least 100 people near the Salang tunnel north of Kabul.
1998Mar 27It was reported that toxic waste was sold to 454 fertilizer companies by 600 steel mills, foundries and chemical plants between 1990-1995.
1999Mar 27This was the 1st day of the Muslim feastday Id al-Lahma, feast of meat, or Id al-Adha, feast of sacrifice.
2000Mar 27The Supreme Court decided the federal government could deny food stamps and other welfare benefits to people who live permanently in the United States but who are not citizens.
2001Mar 27A US federal judge ruled that the Univ. of Michigan racial criteria for accepting minority students with lower test scores than whites was invalid.
2003Mar 27Pres. Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair met to assess the progress of the war in Iraq.
2004Mar 27Adan Sanchez (19), Mexican-American singer, died in a car crash in Sinaloa, Mexico. He was the son of narco-ballad singer Chalino Sanchez, murdered in 1992.
2005Mar 27Morocco’s per capita income was reported to be about $1,200 per year. One of 5 urban Moroccans was unemployed.
2006Mar 27TV producer-director Dan Curtis (78) died in Los Angeles.
2007Mar 27The US offered a $5 million reward for information leading to the capture of a US-trained Malaysian engineer accused of involvement in a series of deadly bombings in the Philippines.
2008Mar 27Myanmar’s junta chief insisted that he is not power-hungry and intends to hand control of the government to the winners of elections in 2010.
2009Mar 27Bolivia’s Interior Minister Alfredo Rada said police have uncovered one of the country’s biggest known cocaine processing factories. Two Colombians and a Bolivian were arrested at the nearly 1,000-acre (400 hectare) site in the dense, southeastern jungles.
2010Mar 27In southern Afghanistan an international service member was killed by a roadside bomb. 6 civilians were killed in two separate roadside bomb explosions, one in Sangin district and one in Nawa district.
2011Mar 27DJ Megatron (32), an urban radio and TV personality, was shot and killed in NYC. The occasional BET TV host was killed while going to a store.
2012Mar 27US Pres. Barack Obama and Pakistan’s PM Yousuf Raza Gilani vowed to rescue a troubled anti-terror alliance on the sidelines of a nuclear security summit in Seoul.
2013Mar 27Tennessee Gov. Bill Haslam said he would not expand Medicaid in his state joining 18 other Republican governors who have rejected expansion for now.

Source: Timelines of History



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