30 Days of Prayer: The Fulbe of Ghana and the Conflict with Indigenous Farmers

The Muslim people who call themselves Fulbe in Ghana are more popularly known as the Fulani. They have a population estimated to be about 300,000, but it’s uncertain as they are a nomadic, pastoral society. They move frequently with their herds of cows, which supply milk for the Fulbe’s main source of food and dung for their fuel.

The general Fulani worldview is termed as pulaaku, which is defined as the “right conduct and behavior of a Fulani,” or rules and regulations that they accept as uniquely Fulbe. A cultured Fulani is expected to be patient, wise, modest, respectful and reserved.

Marriage and naming ceremonies are the most cherished customs in these communities. Children are often engaged well before they reach the age for marriage. Newborn babies are confined in a room for seven days before their naming on the eighth day. On the same day, the boys are circumcised.

The difficulties that Fulbe people face in Ghana are numerous, but key among them is a perennial conflict with indigenous farmers. Land and water feuds sometimes lead to the destruction of properties and loss of lives. Many of them are living in poverty and serve as hired herdsmen for local cattle owners. They hope for a better future for their children so that they don’t continue to live miserable lives. Many Fulbe children are not in school and some are malnourished with little chance of becoming anything other than herders.


  • For peaceful agreement between Fulbe and indigenous farmers to share resources.
  • For opportunities for Fulbe young people to have a more secure and happy future.
  • For the Church in Ghana to reach out in love and compassion to be a blessing to the Fulbe and thereby show them the love of Christ.

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